Writing Terms
Thesis Statement
· Limited subject (relates to the topic)
· Action verb (no "there is" or "there are")
· Controlling idea (attitude toward subject; provides focus for the rest of the story)
Clincher Statement
· Draws everything to a close
· Relates back to the beginning
Major Support
· Main ideas that support the topic sentence
· Meat and potatoes
Minor Support
· Specific details
· Supports the major support
· Details and facts make sense
· Order of facts and details is correct
· Words and phrases that connect the idea
· Transition between sentences and paragraphs
· In paragraphs: “Also” “Next” “Then” “First” “Second” “Third”

Grammar Terms

8 Parts of Speech
1. Noun – A person, place, thing, or idea
2. Pronoun – Take the place of common nouns
3. Adjective – A word modifying a noun or pronoun
4. Verb – A word expressing an action or state of being
5. Adverb – A word modifying a verb, adjective, or another adverb
6. Interjection – A word expressing strong emotions
7. Conjunction – A connecting word
8. Preposition – Explains a relationship between two nouns
· A group of words that has either a subject or predicate, but not both
· A group of words that contain a subject and predicate and is used as part of a sentence
Passive Voice
· A form of the verb ‘to be’ along with a past participle (usually together in an sentence)
Parallel Structure
· Similar ideas being expressed in similar ways

Literary Terms

· Human qualities giving to abiotic (non-living) or non-human things
· Use of vivid figurative/descriptive language to represent objects, actions, or ideas
· Clues indicating what is going to happen next
· Comparing two things using like or as
· Comparing two things without the use of like or as
· Instance of indirect reference
· Collision or disagreement within a piece of literature; the rising action